|HHCC Accession No. 2006.144||HHCC Classification Code: 12.06-1|
A rotary, low pressure, fuel oil pump, with carbon separator blades, heavy steel rotor, in cast and machined steel body, with classic black/green enamel finish, and original external piping connections, a marker of the 2nd wave of automatic home heating, pump assembly technology for the Canadian home, partial pump assembly only, manufacturer unknown, Circa 1924
Image Gallery (6 Images)
12.06 Pressure Atomizing Oil Burner Equipment and Systems - Fuel Pump Assemblies
Unknown See Note 1
Unknown See Note 1
5 inch dia x 4 inch long plus short piping stubs
Education, and research quality, illustrating the engineering and design of carbon blade rotary fuel oil pumps for automatic home heating in Canada in the early 1920’s, partial assembly with one end plate only
From York County (York Region) Ontario, once a rich agricultural hinterlands, attracting early settlement in the last years of the 18th century. Located on the north slopes of the Oak Ridges Moraine, within 20 miles of Toronto, the County would also attract early ex-urban development, to be come a wealthy market place for the emerging household and consumer technologies of the early and mid 20th century.
This artifact was discovered in the 1950’s in the used stock of T. H. Oliver, Refrigeration and Electric Sales and Service, Aurora, Ontario, an early worker in the field of agricultural, industrial and consumer technology.
This assembly was used in York County [York Region] north of Toronto in the 1930’s
Type and Design:
A marker of the second wave of automatic oil heating equipment, with self contained motive power, platform mounted and externally fitted with peripheral piping and valving Low pressure, fuel oil pump Six carbon separator rotor blades, Heavy steel rotor, Heavy cast and machined steel body, with classic black/green enamel finish, Original external pipe connections and fittings. Partial pump assembly only one end plate not included
Natural carbon blade
Control and Regulation:
Targeted Market Segment:
From the vantage point of the early 21st century the evolution of automatic oil fired home heating equipment would be seen as generally advancing in four broad waves, each of which would take place over a considerable period of time, each producing many variations of the genre: Vaporizing, non-motorized and non-electrified, technology [see Group 11.01 artifacts, no. 11.01-1] Elemental, motorized, platform mounted technology with peripheral piping and valving components [see Group 12.01, artifact no 12.01-1, and pump assembly 12.06-1] Compacted motorized technology with inherent, peripheral component parts engineered into the pump assembly [see pump assembly Group 12.06, artifact, and 12.06-2] Functionally integrated, motorized technology, beyond being compacted, a number of functions would be smoothly integrated into a single pump assembly, including piping and valving [see Group 12.01, artifact 12.01-2 and pump assembly 12.06-2] By the early 1930’s the Canadian oil heating industry was progressing well beyond simple, gravity feed, vaporizing oil-heating equipment [wave 1] moving to elemental, motorized, electrified, designs [wave 2], using low pressure mechanical atomizing burners with rotary, carbon separator blade pumps [see ID# 12.06-9]. This pump assembly is, then, a marker of the second wave. It is associated with the earliest years of electrified and motorized oil heating equipment to be found in Canadian homes A hallmarks of the design is the use of carbon, separator, rotor blades. Carbon was a natural choice, as a natural substance, which tended to be self lubricating and self-positioning, wearing to cylinder wall to maintain a close running tolerance and quiet operation ‘ all this in a period long before the availability of more sophisticated engineering materials A hallmark of this technology of the period would also be its massive weight, as represented here by this 10 lb., toe crushing, partial pump body. But the look was a preferred one in the culture of the times, by a public still spooked by the seeming inherent dangers represented by un-attended, automatic oil heating equipment in the home. Among other things it must look, feel and in fact be solid.
A marker of the manufacturing techniques of the times
In spite of an inherently cautious Canadian public and its attitude towards new fangled, electro-mechanical contraptions in the early years of the 20th century, consumer interest in automatic oil heating equipment for the home grew surprisingly rapidly - amongst those that could afford to aspire to such luxuries in a period of national economic depression. Household machines, refrigerators and oil burners in the basement, would be the “show and tell” subjects of the day for many upper-middle class homeowner, those with interests in ‘conspicuous wealth’, anxious and willing to demonstrate their latest life style purchases. The master narrative told here, the one to which almost all others relate, is that of the emergence of ‘machinery in the Canadian home’. As the 20th century dawned, Canadians, accustomed to their resource-based, extractive economy were used to transportation, traction and motive power machines in farm, mill and factory, where they seemed to rightfully belong. With the 1920’s, however, all that was about to change ‘ and change dramatically Here-to-for, the familiar motive power, rotating machines of farm, mill and factory were driven by central station power plants, water, steam and later internal combustion engines. But it was with the advent of motive power packaged in unitary, moveable forms, as in the ‘stationary’, gasoline engine [explosion engine] and the electric motor that a new era in motive power was made possible for home, as well as for farm, mill and factory applications It was principally the fractional horsepower, single phase, induction electric motor [see note #1] that made possible the introduction of machinery into the home, and with it ‘the end of quiet’ [see historical artifacts Classification Group 16,00, see Reference #1].
With the introduction of self powered machines into the home also came the introduction of automated, self regulating machinery, machinery that would turn iteself on and off, without the touch of human hand - the refrigerator, oil burner and water pump. These automated, inanimate objects also introduced new rhythms into the home, each with its distinctive hum and beat, each coming on and off with its own unique operating rhythm. The aroma of oils, vapours and materials, once foreign in the household, would also fallow. The 20th century ‘electro- mechanical’ Canadian home had arrived, much the same as the digital Canadian home would arrive in little more than half a century later ‘ changing all. The consequences were profound, spelled out in terms of the social, cultural and economic changes wrought.
G. Leslie Oliver, The T. H. Oliver HVACR Collection
HHCC Storage Location:
- Instructions for Installation, Fess Automatic Oil Burners, TypyJR, TypeF, DA, DS, DAE, D3, BI, Fess Oil Burners of Canada Limited, Toronto, undated
- Fractional Horsepower Electric Motors, Cyril Veinott, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1948
Possibly Fess Oil Burners of Canada, suggested by the black/green enamel characteristic of the manufacturer For an account of the construction, operation, installation and servicing of fuel oil pump assemblies see ‘Better Oilheating, A service Guide, Operation and Maintenance of Oil Burners, Second Edition, 1959, Fueloil and Heat, N.Y.